West Bali National Park

The northwestern area of Bali known as the West Bali National Park (Taman Nasional Bali Barat) is said to be the home of the people of Pulaki, who were voluntarily “banished” to be invisible by the god Indra. Now its home to the Bali starling (Leucopsar rothschildi), a small white bird with brilliant blue streaks around its eyes and black tipped wings. Other animals gracing the land are deer, civets, monkeys and the wild Javan buffalo (bos javanicus). For those interested in nature, backpacking and hiking in the wilderness, this is the place where 25.800 hectares (63.700 acres) of rain forest, palm and mangroves are protected by the government. Park Headquarters are located at Cekik on the west coast at the intersection of the roads from Singaraja and Denpasar. Hours are 8 a.m. - 2 p.m. Monday - Thursday, 8 a.m. - 11 a.m. Friday, and 8 a.m. - 12 p.m. Saturday. Opened only in 1984, the park has limited facilities.

To go hiking, one must obtain a permit (free) at Cekik or the Department of Forestry on Jalan Suwung in Denpasar. One must also hire a guide; available in Cekik for under $5 a day. If you want to stay overnight, bring necessities such as bedding, utensils, food and water. You can rent cooking utensils at the park. It is best to inform park authorities in advance if you plan to stay overnight, so they can prepare facilities and make sure guides are available. Day trips are also possible, with simple accommodations available in Labuan Lalang.

It is from Labuan Lalang that one commences in a underwater adventures. Here hire a boat (under $20 forhalf a day) and snorkeling gear and sail to Pulau Menjangan, “Deer Island”, where coral reefs extend to the ocean floor. After diving (equipment is not available here), snorkeling or swimming, hike around the island, where you will see, obviously, deer.

 

About the Park

In 1974, an area of 200 square kilometers of coastal forest around the Prapat Agung peninsula in the northwestern tip of Bali was designated as a "Nature Park". One of the reasons for this was to preserve the Bali tiger which became extinct anyway ! The park was extended in 1974 and again in 1985 when further 500 square kilometers of interior forest was included and the whole area was upgraded to become the Bali Barat National Park.

The terrain here is not really forest land, it is a actually coastal savanna. During the dry season from June to September, when there is sparse rainfall, the trees shed their leaves and the landscapes becomes scorched and yellow. When the monsoon rains fall in December, the entire landscape is magically transformed and becomes lush and green.

 

Floras and Faunas

The park is home to the critically-endangered bird species White Starling (Leucopsar Rothschildii) . The bird is pure white except for its black wing-tips and blue face. A cooperative conservation program is being implemented by the Indonesian and overseas agencies to try to introduce some of these captives birds back to the wild. Being Bali's closest tip to Java, the park is also inhabited by a variety of indigenous migratory bird species which cross the Bali Strait from Java. The Black Shouldered-Kite , the Yellow Billed-Oxpecken, the Blue Kingfisher , the White-Bellied Sea Eagle are among few of the birds.

The park is also habitat to a number of other faunas such as Ant-Eater (Manis Javanicus) , Porcopines (Hystrix Branchyora) , Leopard Cat (Felis Bengalencus) , Barking Deer ( Mantiacus Muntjak) , Black Monkey (Presbytis Cristata), Giant Squirrel (Ratufa Bicolar).

Typical floras floras found in the park include Lontar Palm (Bonasus Flabellfer), Sawo Kecik (Manilkara Kauki), Keruing Bunga (Dipterocarpus Hasseltii), Sono Keling (Dalbergia Intifolia), Cendana (Santalum Ulbum), Pulai (Alstonia Scholaris), Kepuh (Sterculia Foetida), Kemiri (Alcuritas Moluccana), Trengguli (Cassia Fistula), Bayur (Pterospermum Diversifolium), Buni (Antidesma Bunius), Bungur (Logerstromia Speciosa), Burahol (Stelechocarpus Burahol), Kesambi (Scheichera Oleosa), Mundu (Garcia Dulcis).


Park Trekking

The terrain and landscape of the Bali Barat National Park largely consists of monsoon forest and savanna. Lush mangrove vegetation also occupy some of its coastal area along the bay of Banyuwedang and Gilimanuk, Prapat Agung peninsula and Menjangan Island.

Characterized by small annual rainfall, much less from the rest of Bali particularly the south, the Park deserves distinct nature both in flora and fauna. To explore its unique terrain and wildlife, trekking inside the Park can truly be a discovery. Depending on physical capacity, we arrange park-trekking ranging from two up to five hours.

Trekking 1 – Rp. 350,000 per person
Departing and ending point is the Park Ranger Post in Teluk Terima. This trek is organized to explore the lowland tropical bush and forest along the small river of Teluk Terima. On recommended dry season, this short trek could provide an opportunity to observe some wilds such as black monkey, macaque monkey and giant squirrel. The best part will be around an area of a huge old tree locally called Trembesi, believed to have been there over 100 years. The whole trek will approximately take 2 hours.

Trekking 2 – Rp. 450,000 per person
Departing and ending point is the Park Ranger Post in Teluk Terima. This trek is organized as an extended exploration of Trekking-1 to further explore the highland tropical forest of Mount Ulu in Teluk Terima at 242 meters above sea level. It samples some of the most interesting terrain of the Park. The whole trek will approximately take 3 hours.

Trekking 3 – Rp. 850,000 per person
Departing and ending point is the Park Ranger Post in Sumber Kelampok. Ending point is near microwave tower in Mount Klatakan. This trek is physically demanding and managed only for more serious discovery. The route will cover the lowland tropical bush and forest of Sumber Kelampok (in the northern part of the Park) leading up to Mount Klatakan. Reaching the mount peak at 690 meters above sea level, the trek will loop down to the western part of the Park before ending at Klatakan parking lot where the car will be ready to take you back to the resort. This trek will approximately take 5 hours.
 

Please note:

  • Prices are per person net already inclusive of applicable government tax and service charge.
  • Prices are inclusive of transfer and pick-up to/from departing and ending point, park entrance fee and bottled mineral water.
  • All treks are accompanied by an English-speaking Park Ranger.
  • Trekking-3 (5 hours) also includes packed lunch and soft drink.

Recommended season is from April to October (dry season).
 

Recommendations and Tips:

  • For the comfort during exploration, it is firmly recommended to wear comfortable clothes which could easily absorb sweat. Long trousers and long sleeved shirt is important to protect the body from possible contact with insects particularly mosquito or thorn scratch.
  • Ideally the clothes need not be with attractive color as this may scare the animals away. Instead it needs to have pockets to keep any small notebook and the likes.
  • Due to tropical climate of the Park, it is indeed advisable to use insect repellant to protect the body from possible insect contact particularly mosquito.
  • Wear special trekking shoes and hat to prevent from sun heat.
  • Raincoat is important to bring during exploration on wet rainy season from November to April.
  • Black monkeys or often called Silver Leaf monkeys are grey-furred with long tail. They love to live in a group, high on the tree, swinging from branches. To be able to observe these animals, move fast but remain quiet. Unlike the macaque monkeys, they are very shy.
  • Binocular and camera (special for photo hunting) are definitely worth bringing.


Park Safari

An afternoon exploration into the heart of the Bali Barat National Park, along the western coast of Prapat Agung peninsula. Largely occupied by monsoon and savanna, Prapat Agung is home to many varieties of Bali Barat species, making this peninsula become the main zone of the Park conservation. It samples several species of vertebrates such as kera hitam (black monkey / Presbytis cristata), kera abu (macaque monkey), menjangan (barking deer / Cervus timorensis), kancil (Trangulus javanicus), babi hutan (wild pig) and kucing hutan (wild cat).

Reptile biawak (giant lizard / Varanus salvador) and Aves ayam-hutan hijau (green junglefowl / Gallus varius), eagle and owl also occupy this area. Several endangered floras include sawo kecik (Manilkara kauki), panggal buaya and cendana (Santalum album).

To reserve the best moment and opportunity to observe the wilds in their natural habitat, this safari tour is exclusively organized to be only during the dry season from the months of June to October with a set-up time from 03:00 pm until approximately 06:00 pm. The wild approaches coastline during dry season and move deeper into the park during the wet from November to April. The whole tour is arranged by car to depart from Nearby Hotel/Resort to Tegal Bunder, a Ranger Post near the captive breeding center for Bali Starling. Exploration starts here through unpaved road leading along the western coastline of the peninsula. Lampu Merah, another Ranger Post opposing the ferry harbor of Gilimanuk and East Java coast, will be the last stop. This whole exploration from Tegal Bunder to Lampu Merah will approximately take 1.5 hours to cover an approximate distance of 12 kilometers. From this last stop, you will be escorted back to the hotel/resort through the same road as no other returning access available by car.

 

Please note:

  • Price is Rp. 450,000 per person net, already inclusive of applicable government tax and service charge.
  • Bottled mineral water is included.
  • In case you do not bring one, binocular will be provided.
  • The tour will be guided by an English-speaking Park Ranger.
  • To facilitate maximum observation, it is advisable to keep a small group of maximum 4 participants at each tour with an age from 12 years and over.
  • Recommended season from June to October (dry season).

 

Bird Watching

The Bali Barat National Park is the preferred habitat of approximately 300 species of tropical birds, both migratory and endemic. Many of them are quite difficult to spot. From seed, insect to fish-eating species, all can be found here either along its monsoon habitat or coastal mangrove swamp.

For a more advanced birding, we arrange guided exploration into several birding sites of the Park. To reserve best observation moment, arrangement could be made either early in the morning from 07:00 to 09:00 am or late in the afternoon from 04:00 to 06:00 pm, both for approximately two hours. Depending on current season and other weather-related facts, birding-site options include coastal mangrove area of Teluk Terima including its small river, Tegal Bunder near the Starling rehabilitation center and coastal area of Cekik close to the Park headquarter.

Please Note:

  • Price is Rp. 350,000 per person net already inclusive of applicable government tax and service charge.
  • Price includes transfer and pick-up to/from departing and ending point, park entrance fee and bottled mineral water.
  • Observation is guided by an English-speaking Park Ranger.
  • In case you do not bring one, binocular will be provided.
  • Recommended season is from June to October (dry season).

Recommendations and Tips:

  • Walk slowly and quietly and keep sufficient distance from each other. Alternatively you may sit patiently in a good spot or tower whilst observing the birds.
  • Do not wear shirt/clothes with attractive color as this may scare the birds away.
  • Several bird species such as Jungle Fowl, Sempidan, Paok and Anis develop great ability to hear even the very small noise and will quickly disappear before we are able to catch any sight of their movement. Fast walk but remain quiet is important to be able to observe these species.
  • Tropical humidity may cause problem to binocular, camera lens and glasses. It is firmly recommended to use waterproof carrier bag to keep these equipments. If your glasses get wet of rain during observation, try to clean it until dry with plash chamois.
  • If the inside part of your binocular get wet, dry it immediately by facing it to the sun or keep it the whole night inside a dry box. Another extreme way is by warming it near the fire, but this will risk in shortening the lifespan of your binocular.

Starling Visit:

The Bali Barat National Park is home to Bali’s only endemic bird, the Rothschild’s Mynah which is more commonly known as the Bali Starling. The bird is pure white except for its black wing-tips and blue face. In the evenings, the mynahs normally fly down from the hills where they feed during the day to roost near the sea. The local Pilang tree (Acacia leucophloea) which occupies many parts of the park monsoon forest has been their choice of nest for ages. As it gets older, the tree normally looses off its skin making it slippery for any predator such as snake to climb and hunt the starling eggs.

Although Bali is its natural and only habitat, the numbers of Bali Starling have never been large. Today it is believed that less than 30 Bali Starling’s have remained uncaptured in the wild! A cooperative conservation program is being implemented by the Indonesian and overseas agencies to try to introduce some of these captive birds back to the wild.

There are currently two rehabilitation centers in the Park. One is located in Tegal Bunder just on the gate to Perapat Agung peninsula and another in Teluk Berumbun opposite menjangan island’s Pos I. Tegal Bunder is considered as the first rehabilitation stage where the captive birds will be intensively introduced back to wild before finally being pre-released in Teluk Berumbun. Some breeding is also done in Tegal Bunder.

To know more about this conservation program, a visit to the rehabilitation center in Tegal Bunder can be arranged.

Please Note:

  • Price is Rp. 250,000 per person net already inclusive of applicable government tax and service charge.
  • Price includes return transfer from the nearby Hotel/Resort to the rehabilitation center in Tegal Bunder and park entrance fee.

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